Menino Jesus Salvador do Mundo
Seated Baby Jesus Salvatore Mundi
China, Ming Dynasty, 16/ 17th Century.
H.: 9 cm
Prov.: P.C., Portugal
China, dinastia Ming, séc. XVII
Alt.: 9,0 cm
Prov.: Coleção Particular, Portugal
The iconic image of the Infant Jesus, Salvatore Mundi, was originally spread throughout Europe of the 15th Century from the Flemish city of Malines (Mechelen) in the province of Antwerp, and became a symbol of the Devotio Moderna, the new movement to encourage the devotion to God in the homes and lives of the people through contemplation and meditation of the humanity of God.
It was religiously themed images and engravings, that in the 16th and 17th Centuries travelled from Europe to the Orient, firstly by the Portuguese discovers, traders and missionaries, and used to the evangelization of the people of the Orient in a manner most easily understood.
The two pieces presented here receive the influence of the European style while showing the influence of the Buddhist model of the image of the Baby Jesus as The Good Shepherd from the Indo-Portuguese Iconography: Jesus seated with legs crossed, not standing on their feet as in the Mechelen Babys and the overall aspect of the posture of deep contemplation from the Indo-Portuguese art.
Bernardo Ferrão remarks that, contrary to the Baby Jesus from Indo-Portuguese origin, this two seated Infants are extremely rare in the Luso-Oriental Imagination.
Identical pieces can be found in the collection of Arq. José Lico and are reproduced in the catalogue of the exhibition A Expansão Portuguesa e a Arte do Marfim (1991, p. 116)
- Um Olhar do Porto – Uma Colecção de Artes Decorativas (Cat.), Funchal, Quinta das Cruzes – Museu, 2005.
- SILVA, Nuno Vassallo (coord.) Marfins no Imperio Português, Lisboa, Scribe, 2013.
- TÁVORA, Bernardo Tavares e, Imaginária Luso Oriental, Lisboa, IN-CN, 1983.
- RAPOSO, Francisco Hipólito (coord.), A Expansão Portuguesa e a Arte do Marfim, Lisboa, C.N.C.D.P./F. C. G., 1991.
Menino Jesus sino-português em marfim, do séc. XVII.
De grande qualidade escultórica, o menino encontra-se sentado em atitude de profunda meditação.
A face é serena com traços orientais, tem cabelos bem desenhados com singelos caracóis periféricos, esboçando um leve sorriso.
Veste túnica simples, desprovida de qualquer adorno. Está sentado, com as pernas cruzadas à maneira oriental. Segura na mão esquerda o orbe terrestre, tem o cotovelo direito apoiado no joelho e os dedos na face. ❧
- Arte Colonial e Oriental
- Arte Cristã